Cladogram showing Whippomorpha within Artiodactylamorpha.
Whippomorpha consists of the clades labeled Hippo and Cetaceamorpha.
Strict consensus of 20 minimum length trees for the equally-weighted parsimony analysis of the combined data set (57,269 steps). The contents of 12 taxonomic groups, including the total clades Cetaceamorpha and Cetancodontamorpha are delimited by different colored boxes (‘Hippo’ = Hippopotamidamorpha). Lineages that connect extant taxa in the tree are represented by thick gray branches, and wholly extinct lineages are shown as thin black branches. Estimates of branch support scores are above internodes; given the complexity of the data set, these should be interpreted as maximum estimates.
from Spaulding M, O’Leary MA, Gatesy J (2009) Relationships of Cetacea (Artiodactyla) Among Mammals: Increased Taxon Sampling Alters Interpretations of Key Fossils and Character Evolution. PLoS ONE 4(9): e7062. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0007062
Illustrations are by C. Buell and L. Betti-Nash.
(click image to see larger)

Cladogram showing Whippomorpha within Artiodactylamorpha.

Whippomorpha consists of the clades labeled Hippo and Cetaceamorpha.

Strict consensus of 20 minimum length trees for the equally-weighted parsimony analysis of the combined data set (57,269 steps). The contents of 12 taxonomic groups, including the total clades Cetaceamorpha and Cetancodontamorpha are delimited by different colored boxes (‘Hippo’ = Hippopotamidamorpha). Lineages that connect extant taxa in the tree are represented by thick gray branches, and wholly extinct lineages are shown as thin black branches. Estimates of branch support scores are above internodes; given the complexity of the data set, these should be interpreted as maximum estimates.

from Spaulding M, O’Leary MA, Gatesy J (2009) Relationships of Cetacea (Artiodactyla) Among Mammals: Increased Taxon Sampling Alters Interpretations of Key Fossils and Character Evolution. PLoS ONE 4(9): e7062. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0007062

Illustrations are by C. Buell and L. Betti-Nash.

(click image to see larger)

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