The South American Coral Snake (Micrurus surinamensis), family Elapidae, Madre Selva Reserve, Amazonian basin of Peru.
* Here we have another species of highly venomous South American coral snake that has “red touching black”. The little rhyme I learned in cub scouts doesn’t work outside of the United States. Isn’t she beautiful :3
The South American Coral Snake (Micrurus lemniscatus), family Elapidae, Madre Selva Reserve, Amazonian basin of Peru.
* Some of us may have heard the rhyme “Red and Yellow, kill a fellow…” to identify Coral Snakes (as opposed to their mimics), but as we see here, that little rhyme only works with coral snakes in the United States. This red and black is NOT a friend of jack, so no cuddling!
Found in a variety of arid and semi-arid habitats in Arizona in the SW United States and in Northern Mexico. Length of up to 24 inches. Feeds on other snakes and small lizards. Potent neurotoxic venom. The subspecies found in Arizona is known as the Arizona Coral Snake.
A new species of coralsnake of the genus Calliophis (Squamata: Elapidae) from the west coast of peninsular India (2012)
ERIC N. SMITH, HEMANT OGALE, V. DEEPAK & VARAD B. GIRI
We describe a new species of coralsnake, Calliophis castoe, from western peninsular India. The discovery of this new species comes as a surprise because it is a venomous snake from both lowland and mountainous areas that are accessible and well populated. The new species differs from all other Calliophis, the Tropical Asian coralsnakes, in having unicolored and dark body and tail dorsa, an orange head band, a salmon color to scarlet body and tail underside, four maxillary teeth behind the fang…
The Texas Coral Snake is a species of venomous elapid snake. It ranges from the southern United States south to northeastern and central Mexico and inhabits the states of Texas, Louisiana, Arkansas, Tamaulipas, San Luis Potosí, Guanajuato, Querétaro and Morelos.
The Texas coral snake has the traditional colouration associated with coral snakes, with black, yellow and red banding. Albino (lacking black pigment) and Anerythristic (lacking red pigment) specimens have been found in the wild.
This species capable of growing to 40in (1m) but most individuals are closer to 24in (61cm) in length, with males typically smaller than females.
A bite from the notoriously venomous eastern coral snake at first seems anticlimactic. There is little or no pain or swelling at the site of the bite, and other symptoms can be delayed for 12 hours. However, if untreated by antivenin, the neurotoxin begins to disrupt the connections between the brain and the muscles, causing slurred speech, double vision, and muscular paralysis, eventually ending in respiratory or cardiac failure.
This iconic snake, with its bulbous head and red, yellow, and black bands, is famous as much for its potent venom as for the many rhymes—”Red and yellow, kill a fellow; red and black, friend of Jack”—penned to distinguish it from similarly patterned, nonvenomous copycats, such as the scarlet king snake.
Coral snakes are extremely reclusive and generally bite humans only when handled or stepped on. Most bites to humans don’t result in death. In fact, no deaths from coral snake bites have been reported in the U.S. since an antivenin was released in 1967…