…a species of carabid (ground) beetle that occurs throughout the drier areas of Southern Asia, but is most common in southern India. Like other ground beetles this species is fairly aggressive and will run down and feed on insects, snails and annelids. If threatened A. sexguttata can deliver a painful bite or spray a chemical irritant. These defenses are believed to have caused a species of cockroach (T. petiveriana) to evolve a similar coloration as a form of batesian mimicry.
…also known as the Indian River Tern, the river tern is a species of tern that is a resident along rivers from Iran east to India and further to Myanmar to Thailand. Unlike other terns of the genus SternaS. aurantia spends most of its live in freshwater habitats, rarely venturing to the sea. However, like other terns S. aurantia will feed on fish, crustaceans and aquatic insects by plunge-diving.
Currently Sterna aurantia is listed as near threatened as it faces threats due to pollution and habitat loss.
Wall’s Bronzeback or Blue Bronzeback (Dendrelaphis cyanochloris)
This long, slender snake lives in the forests of India, Thailand, Singapore and Malaysia. It is a quick and agile climber. It can be differentiated from the Elegant Bronzeback by the back stripe across its eye and the vividness of the blue skin.
It is diurnal and preys on lizards and frogs. It does not have venom, but can be quite aggressive. When threatened, it will expose its interstitial skin (the skin between the scales). Its bright blue skin gives it its name. Currently, they are relatively common in Southeast Asia.
The dhole (Cuon alpinus), also called the Asiatic wild dog or Indian wild dog, is a species of canid native to South and Southeast Asia. The dholes are classed as endangered by the IUCN, due to ongoing habitat loss, depletion of its prey base, competition from other predators, persecution and possibly diseases from domestic and feral dogs.The dhole is a highly social animal, living in large clans which occasionally split up into small packs to hunt.
The stunningly beautiful Russell’s Viper (Daboia russelli) is the snake credited with the most bites and human deaths each year. Despite its shy and retiring nature preferring to blend in with its habitat, it is often stepped over and upon by humans with which it often lives in close proximity. It is often found in grasslands and the fields where crops are grown where it feeds upon rodents.
Rusell’s Viper spotted by Project Noah member Rivu Ghorai.
Herennia multiplica, sometimes called the “Coin Spider" is a large spider in the orbweaver famly Nephilidae (formerly Tetragnathidae), found across south and SE Asia. As with other golden orbweavers, the female is considerably larger than the male. The female may have a legspread of up to 12.8 cm.
The American Birding Association has decided to add the Nutmeg Mannikin (Lonchura punctulata), originally from South and East Asia, to its list for the United States and Canada, based on the stable introduced population in California.
The Common Jezebel (Delias eucharis) is a pierid butterfly found in many areas of South and Southeast Asia. Males, such as the one pictured, can be differentiated by their narrower black edging to the veins and the post-discal transverse bands on the wings. This species is distasteful to predators, as it feeds on toxic mistletoe vine.
The Blue Whistling Thrush (Myophonus caeruleus) is a bird found in South and South-East Asia. This largest of thrushes, measuring 31–35 cm (12–14 in) in length and weighing 136 to 231 g (4.8 to 8.1 oz), is divided into multiple subspecies. Pictured here is M. c. eugenei, the Thai subspecies, which is recognisable by its lack of white spots on the median coverts.
“Mosquitoes commute between blood-meal hosts and water… One of the possible strategies of malaria control is to identify local vector species and then attack water bodies that contain their larvae.”
This animal, the Southern house mosquito, is more important for Fiariasis (in India) and West Nile virus (in North America) but the principle is the same. The tactics surrounding mosquito-borne disease control must take into account the relative positions of potential bloodmeals (us) and suitable egg-laying habitat (standing water).
…a species of shield-tailed snake that is endemic to the Western Ghats of India. Like other members of Uropeltidae this species boasts a large keratinous ‘shield’ at the tip of its tail. Although much of U.phipsonii's biology is unknown it is known to be a burrower and lives most of its life underground. They are known to be highly active after heavy rain. Like most animals that live underground the diet of U.phipsonii consists mostly of earthworms.