Sri Lankan Pipe Snake (Ceylonese Cylinder Snake, Two Headed Snake, Depath naya)
As some other species in the genus Cylindrophis, this rare snake, Cylindrophis maculata (Cylindrophiidae), endemic to Sri Lanka, is distinctive by its small head not distinct from neck, covered with large symmetrical shields, its cylindrical body, and because the tail is short and blunt.
The body oh this snake is shiny and iridescent; dorsally it is dull brick red or orange with black network enclosing 35-55 pairs of spots. The head and the tail are black; and the neck region has a white ring around it. The ventral area is cream, white or light pink with black bars or may have variegated pattern.
The Sri Lankan Pipe Snake is a burrowing, nocturnal snake. They do not tend to bite and are very lazy, non aggressive and non venomous. When threatened they flatten their bodies and curl the tail forward with the head concealed under the body, resembling a snake with two heads (as seen in the photo).
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Photo: ©Chaminda Jayaratne
Locality: Kalutara, Western, Sri Lanka