Two New Additions to Brazilian Reserve Help Protect Rare Birds, Critically Endangered Monkey
ABC media release
Two new properties totaling about 237 acres (96 hectares) have been added to the Brazilian Serra Bonita Reserve, expanding protections for six rare birds, a critically endangered monkey, the yellow-breasted capuchin, and a wide diversity of flora and additional fauna, including 330 bird species. Another measure of the conservation value of the region was illustrated in the 1990s when a world record of 458 tree species was counted in an area the size of a football field.
The acquisition of the two parce ls was a joint effort involving three conservation organizations—American Bird Conservancy (ABC), Instituto Uiraçu, and Rainforest Trust (formerly called World Land Trust–US). Funding for the purchase was provided by these groups, in addition to the Robert Wilson Charitable Trust and other private individuals and groups.
The reserve is located in the Serra Bonita Mountain Range, which is one of the last remnants of moist submontane Atlantic rainforest in southern Bahia. This range covers an area of approximately 18,525 acres (7,500 hectares), located in the municipalities of Camacan and Pau Brazil, about 80 miles (130 km) from the port city of Ilhéus on the Atlantic Coast…
One of the last strongholds of the endangered Gold-ringed Tanager — a distinctively marked black, green, and yellow bird known to inhabit only five locations along 150 miles of ridgetop on the Pacific slope of the Andes — has been expanded.
More than 2,750 acres have been added to the reserve known as Las Tángaras, in the Chocó area of western Colombia. It now encompasses almost 8,500 acres located between 4,100 and 11,155 feet (1,250-3,400 meters) above sea level.
The reserve protects one of the most diverse and important tropical-forest sites on Earth. It was created in October 2009 by American Bird Conservancy, World Land Trust-US, World Land Trust, and the Colombian nonprofit organization Fundación ProAves with support from the Robert W. Wilson Charitable Trust to preserve habitat for Gold-ringed Tanager and another endemic species, Black-and-Gold Tanager…
Red-capped Cardinal (Paroaria gularis), Cardeal de Amazonia, Brazil
The Red-capped Cardinal is the most widely distributed of the genus Paroaria, it being widespread in the tropical lowlands east of the Andes… It is most commonly encountered in the vicinity of rivers and oxbow lakes, and is usually observed singly or in pairs, which frequently perch on branches in the water.
We have many brightly-colored bird species, but few can compete with the North American tanagers. Molecular studies and other new research suggests the genus Piranga, including this Western Tanager (P. ludoviciana), are actually part of the cardinal Family (Cardinalidae), and not the tanager Family (Thraupidae) where they were originally placed.
The relationship is supported by their plumage: Piranga species are extensively red, orange or yellow - colors defined by carotinoid pigments - which is rarely seen in true tanagers but very common in the cardinal family. Despite the bright colors, they can often be hard to see as they spend much of their time high in the woodland canopy foraging on insects. Western Tanagers are a major consumer of the forestry crop pest Western Spruce Budworm (Choristoneura occidentalis).